[Unbound-users] unbound crashing on FreeBSD

Sergey Matveychuk sem at FreeBSD.org
Fri Jan 31 02:43:35 CET 2014

+rwatson at FreeBSD.org

Hello, Robert!

Could you give us a hint about this problem with Capsicum and Unbound, 

30.01.2014 18:52, W.C.A. Wijngaards wrote:
> Hash: SHA1
> Hi Mathieu,
> On 01/30/2014 03:42 PM, W.C.A. Wijngaards wrote:
>> Hi Mathieu,
>> On 01/30/2014 03:25 PM, Mathieu Arnold wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> I've upgraded one of my resolvers to FreeBSD 10.0, and since
>>> then, unbound (1.4.21) crashes regularly (about once a day) with,
>>> say :
>>> Jan 30 12:49:45 resolver3 unbound: [96044:2] fatal error:
>>> event_dispatch returned error -1, errno is Capabilities
>>> insufficient
>>> Any hints on what may be wrong ?
>> FreeBSD 10.  Does that have a fine-grained user capabilities
>> thing? event_dispatch would run kqueue for unbound (if you compiled
>> with libevent).  Does it not have permission to use kqueue?
>> Without an event loop there is very little that unbound can do; no
>> events means no information about network sockets.
>> If you compile --without-libevent, then unbound uses select()
>> which may avoid this.
>> Perhaps this is about the number of sockets opened?  The
>> filedescriptor count in the ulimit structure?   You configured
>> unbound for high performance with many open sockets, but when it
>> does (when it gets busy once a day) the OS gives this error?
>> Strange because unbound checks the rlimits (resource limits) when
>> it starts.  Does it run out of memory, i.e. about once a day the
>> cache fills up and something set the ulimit on heap-size or
>> something like to, say, 1G but you configured unbound to use 2G,
>> and when it crosses the 1G line it gets killed (but weird that
>> kqueue gives an error).
> It is not the number of sockets or the heap limits, but capsicum.
>> What version of libevent are you using?
> - From FreeBSD documentation I learned that this errno indicates that
> the capabilities associated with a socket did not permit an operation
> to be performed.  One of the capabilities is the capability to use the
> kqueue socket for kqueue polling.  But no doubt there are also other
> capabilities.  It says capabilities can be reduced but not expanded by
> the program.  This is great, but why does a particular fd have its
> capabilities reduced (unbound does not mess with socket capabilities)?
> I have no idea why the capability reduction happens.  ktrace is
> probably too expensive in its logging fervor?
> Best regards,
>     Wouter
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